Three generations of human rights
1. Civil and political rights
The theory for their existence appeared in 17-18 century. These are 'liberty-orientated' and include the rights to: life, liberty and security of the individual; freedom from torture and slavery; political participation; freedom of opinion, expression, thought, conscience and religion; freedom of association and assembly.
2. Economic and social rights
They are recognized by the international community after the First World War. These are 'security-orientated' rights, for example the rights to: work; education; a reasonable standard of living; food; shelter and health care.
3. Environmental, cultural and developmental rights
They are recognized in the 70-s of the 20-th century. These include the rights to live in an environment that is clean and protected from destruction, and rights to cultural, political and economic development.